The creation of artificial organs does not always affect the field of transplantation. Sometimes it is necessary for various studies and even no less serious scientific research. For example, recently a team of scientists from the University of Cambridge reported that for the first time in the world they managed to create an artificial placenta. And this success will help scientists in many areas beyond the processes of maturation and development of the fetus.
According to scientists, an artificial organ can act like a real one during the first trimester of pregnancy. Artificial “mini-placenta” will help to understand the main causes of miscarriages, as well as to predict and simulate the processes that can lead to preeclampsia and stillbirth. Small artificial organs will be used to understand how tissues develop during normal pregnancy, as well as what goes wrong when natural processes are disrupted.
“Now we can start experimenting with how placental development occurs in the natural environment. Previously, this was impossible, since the law prohibits such experiments on humans, and the placenta of animals works in a completely different way.”said Ashley Moffett, senior researcher and Professor of reproductive medicine and immunology at Cambridge University.
To create an artificial organ, scientists used the villi of the tissues of the placenta. They are combined into multicellular structures capable of secreting proteins and hormones, as in normal pregnancy, while scientists can easily vary the size of the organ from 0.1 mm to half a meter or more.
As already mentioned, scientists want to use organs to study common pregnancy complications. In addition,” mini-placenta ” will also help to understand how certain infections affect fetal development. The potential to grow people with the help of artificial placenta is out of the question.