This photo was taken by the InSight probe after a successful landing on the surface of Mars. Mission operators at NASA’s jet propulsion Laboratory received a signal from the InSight lander that it had landed on the surface of Mars. In the coming hours, engineers will clarify how the spacecraft feels. So far, we can say for sure: the landing took place as planned.
InSight pierced the atmosphere of Mars at a speed of 20 600 kilometers per hour and slowed to 12 kilometers per hour. All in less than seven minutes. InSight technology has been used a landing involved in the successful Phoenix mission in 2008. First, a parachute was used to slow down, and then 12 engines were activated and the probe gently fell on three legs. A brief chronicle of “seven minutes of horror” can be found here.
Began a two-year mission, InSight. During these two years, the probe will try to perform at least a minimum of scientific tasks, including the study of the subsoil and the possible tectonic activity of Mars.
Six months of flight and seven minutes of horror
After six and a half months of traveling through space, InSight pierced the atmosphere of Mars. Then, within seven minutes, he managed to slow down from almost 20,000 kilometers per hour to 9 kilometers per hour, after which he touched the surface.
How did we know the probe had landed successfully? He was watched by two tiny spacecraft. They are called Marco satellites and were launched in may along with InSight. This modified “they were launched,” the tiny 10-inch satellite cubes.
When “insight” was on the surface, the module transmitted a signal to the Ground, telling about the successful arrival. Seven minutes later, the spacecraft used an even more powerful radio transmitter to send out a larger signal and inform NASA of its status.
InSight sat down on the surface of Mars. What will happen to him next?
After confirming the successful landing, as we have already said, a serious mission of the scientific module will begin. Being on the surface of Mars, InSight will stay in the stillness, so will be able to measure tiny fluctuations in the planet marzorati, catching the sound waves of these events to understand what is in the depths of Mars. Over the next two to three months, InSight uses a robotic arm to deploy its two main tools: a seismometer and a self-driving nail. The seismometer will listen to earthquakes, and the nail will try to drill nearly five meters of Mars ‘ surface to measure the planet’s internal temperature.
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